This is soft, it works easily, it paints well, but it does not look good when dyed. The MDF needs support in long stretches and can swell if it gets wet. Made of cheap wood with a thin sheet, usually white, applied on the surface. Laminates are good for diy shelves easy designed to hold light loads.
Hardwood is strong and durable, but it is an expensive option. Plywood is manufactured wood that can be purchased in degrees depending on how soft and knot-free it needs to be. B / C plywood is fine for garage cheap shelves diy, but quality furniture is the right choice for use in living spaces. Plywood is not as expensive as hardwood, it is strong and easy to cut. The Medium Density Fiber is made of wood powder that has been strongly compressed and bonded with glue.
The type of wood to build cheap shelves will depend on how nice you want the storage to look when finished and how design the items you will place on that. A soft wood option is pine, which is strong, can be cut and worked easily, takes paint and color dye well, and is quite cheap. Soft woods can be split easily and need to be pre-drilled for screws. Hardwoods are another selection of solid wood and are best suited for high quality pieces that will be dyed.
This gallery is about cheap shelves.